The temple complex of Angkor is one of the most important archaeological sites in Southeast Asia. The Angkor Wat Temple is world famous. The complex extends over 400 km2. There are several impressive buildings from the Khmer Empire from the 9th to the 15th century. Other famous temples here are Angkor Thom and the Bayon temple.
Cambodia has an area of 181,035 km ². It is one of the smallest countries in Southeast Asia, about five times as large as the Netherlands.
For Cambodia a valid passport is required that is valid for at least six months after the trip. You must also be in possession of a visa. These can be obtained in several ways: It is possible to arrange a visa on arrival. The costs are 20 USD, payable in cash. Remember that you need a passport photo above. A visa can be purchased at border checkpoints in place at the airports in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap, or Thailand, Vietnam and Laos. You can get a visa online too. The cost for an electronic visa is $ 25 per person.
The capital of Cambodia is Phnom Penh.
Cambodia has a tropical climate which is determined by the southwest monsoon and the northeast monsoon. From mid-February to mid-May it is hot and dry. Then thereare, until about the end of September, monsoon rains. From mid-October to mid-February is drier and cooler. The average annual temperature is 27 ° C in Cambodia, there is little difference between the day and night.
Cambodia has a versatile kitchen with lots of fresh fruits and vegetables and a lot of fish. Amok is the national dish, it consists of fish marinated in a mixture of coconut milk, lemongrass, red peppers and lime. Also trei ang, fried filets wrapped in lettuce or spinach leaves, is very popular.
Cambodia possesses natural resources. However, the economy is still not at a good level, through the years of turmoil. However, in recent years there has been a resurgence. The service sector employs 20 percent of the labor and supplies a third of the national income, tourism is the largest branch.
The flag of Cambodia consists of two narrow blue stripes, separated by a broad red stripe. In the red path is a temple with three towers depicted, this symbolizes Angkor Wat.
Cambodia, officially the Kingdom of Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia, bordering Laos, Thailand, Vietnam and the Gulf of Thailand. Cambodia is largely landlocked. Only the southwest has a coastline. Sihanoukville is the only seaport. The current Cambodia is only the core of what was once a great and mighty Khmer Empire, which stretched to parts of Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. The population of Cambodia name the country "Kampuchea" which is derived from "Kambu-yes," or "those who are born by Kambu". Kambu, according to tradition, is the founder of Cambodia.
The heart of Cambodia is formed by a plain , it is very fertile caused by floods. It grows mainly rice here. In the northwest is the Tonle Sap (Great Lake in Khmer). In the dry season the water flows through the Tonle Saprrivier in the Mekong, in the wet season changes the direction of flow through the high water level in the Mekong River , the water flows into the lake that is three times larger in area . The Mekong, the " mother of all waters" , rises on the Tibetan plateau and flows through China's Yunnan province, Burm , Thailand and Laos to Cambodia. The Mekong River in Cambodia has a length of 500 km and in some places 5 km wide , with an average of 1.5 km . The Mekong River is the main waterway and lifeline of the country. The central plain is surrounded by hills and mountain ranges , with the highest peak Phnom Aural ( 1813 m ).
Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system and a multiparty system. The king must be a member of the royal family and at least thirty years old. The prince must not interfere with the actual politics and its function is largely ceremonial. Cambodia has 20 provinces that are controlled by a governor and which are further subdivided into districts, communes and villages. There are four municipalities with provincial status: Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville, Kep and Pailin. Legislative power is vested in the parliament in Cambodia that has existed since a constitutional amendment in 1999 of two rooms. The National Assembly or the House of Commons has 123 members elected for five years. The Senate or the House of Lords has 61 delegates and their term of office is five years. The Senate may make recommendations to laws that are changing by the Assembly, but ultimately the House of Commons has the last word.
The health care in Cambodia is poor. Always have a good travel insurance, hospitals may sometimes ask absurdly high prices. In Cambodia, you can not drink the tap water. You should also not take ice cubes in your drinks, because they are made of tap water, for that reason you can often better eat no salads or pre-peeled fruit in restaurants. Beware of the sun, it is very strong in tropical countries; You can easily get a sunburn or sunstroke. Drink plenty to avoid dehydration. Protect yourself from mosquitoes, preferably with a product containing DEET, there is Malaria in Cambodia.
From 1970, Cambodia became involved in the war in neighboring Vietnam. Then five years later, the last U.S. troops from Indochina left, the Khmer Rouge seized power. What followed was a four-year nightmare that is regarded as the darkest chapter in Cambodian history. Under the leadership of Brother No. 1 , Pol Pot led the Khmer Rouge the country to the year zero. During this ' experiment in agrarian communism ' - such as the massacre of its population was euphemistically called - millions of people died. In 1979 Vietnam, fell in, installed a new government, and thus put an end to the reign of the Khmer Rouge. Pol Pot and his followers retreated to the countryside. They started a guerrilla war against the new government and held for years large parts of the country in their stranglehold . Only around 1995 came it came to an end. A short time later, tourism began. Cambodia is now safe, but the remnants of the gruesome history are stil seen everywhere.
Cambodia has 14,952,665 (2012) inhabitants. 90% of Cambodians belong ethnically to the Khmer. The Khmer belong to the Mon-Khmer, they are living in Cambodia since the 2nd century AD. They are of Austro-Indonesian descent and have undeniably Melanesian and to a lesser extent, Mongolian draw. Despite all the misery of the past have Cambodians kept their optimism and their sense of humor and hospitality they contribute greatly to the charm of Cambodia.
The official language of Cambodia is Khmer. Khmer belongs to the Austro-Asiatic Mon-Khmer group, one of the oldest languages in Southeast Asia and it is also spoken in the Mekong Delta in southern Vietnam. Older Cambodians from the colonial period often still speak French. The script is derived from the Pali, a language of southern India, which was in vogue among Buddhists. It is written from left to right, with no spaces between the words. It is difficult to transfer into the roman font and therefore the spelling of names in books and guides is often different. Khmer is a subtle language that can be spoken at various levels. There is an informal, neutral and formal shape. Whatever form you choose depends partly on gender, age and social status of speaker and addressee. There are 23 vowels and 33 consonants that together can form extremely complicated combinations.
The currency in Cambodia is the Riel, 1 Riel = 100 sen. In many places, American dollars are accepted. Credit cards are accepted in major hotels and restaurants.
The title of the national anthem of Cambodia is Nokoreach. The song is based on a Cambodian folk tune and was written by Chuon Nat. In 1941 Nokoreach has already been adopted as national anthem, before the Khmer Rouge replaced it in 1976.
In Cambodja is het 6 uur later dan in Nederland, tijdens onze zomertijd is het 5 uur later dan in Nederland.
Voor Cambodja worden de volgende vaccinaties aanbevolen:vaccinatie tegen DTP( Difterie, Tetanus en Polio) en vaccinatie tegen hepatitis A (besmettelijke geelzucht). Als je geen mazelen of een vaccinatie tegen mazelen hebt gehad, wordt een BMR inenting aanbevolen voor Cambodja. Bij verblijf langer dan een maand wordt bovendien een vaccinatie tegen buiktyfus aanbevolen. Ook wordt aangeraden om malariatabletten te gebruiken en anti-muggenmaatregelen te nemen. Vaccinatie tegen gele koorts is voor Cambodja alleen verplicht als je in de zeven dagen voordat je Cambodja binnenkomt in een gele koorts land bent geweest (ook bij alleen een overstap op het vliegveld van een gele koorts land).
The national motto of Cambodia is: people, religion, king.
Buddhism is the main religion in Cambodia since 1989 and is the state religion. Islam is the largest religious minority in the country, Muslims are generally the Cham.
For Cambodia the following vaccinations are recommended: vaccination against DTP (Diphtheria, Tetanus and Polio) and vaccination against Hepatitis A. If you have not had measles or measles vaccination an MMR vaccination is recommended for Cambodia. For stays longer than one month a vaccination against typhoid fever is recommended. It is also advised to use malaria tablets. Vaccination against yellow fever is required for Cambodia only if you've been in a yellow fever country in the seven days before entering Cambodia.
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